One feature of modern, relationship-selling is that we need to understand about peoples’ preferred buying behaviour if we are to sell to more of them.
It is a fact that people buy differently. They can be known as buyer types. Some people prefer to buy quickly, others slowly.
Some people need a lot of information and detail, for others a sheet of A4 with bullet points is all the information they need.
Some buyer types make purchases on impulse; other buyer types take their time and try to avoid risk.
Some buyer types are very loyal; other buyer types will automatically choose the cheapest option.
Some can be quite intimidating to the point of being rude; others are quite passive and easily manipulated.
This makes selling a real challenge, and understanding different buyer types may help us.
To sell to all these different buyer types we need to be able to adapt our selling behaviour and make the buying process easy for each type of buyer we come across.
Buyer Type Behaviour
To begin this process, we need to look at 2 aspects of buyer type behaviour; assertiveness and responsiveness.
People who are assertive are confident and know what they want.
- They are not afraid to put forward opinions and are willing to listen to the opinions of others.
- They are not afraid of conflict and will be more than happy to argue their case.
- People who are highly assertive can be seen as being aggressive while people who lack assertiveness are often passive and get taken advantage of.
- There are times when it is appropriate to be more or less assertive and we need to recognise when these times are.
Responsiveness means the extent to which people are willing to respond to us and our questions.
- Some people are highly responsive and will give lots of information about themselves, their problems and needs.
- Others are unwilling or unable to respond in this way and we see these people often as being negative or difficult.
There are four basic styles of behaviour and these are determined by the way, in which people relate to one another. Let’s look at four types of buyers in sales, and how we can deal with them:
The 4 Buyer Types
The Analytical Buyer
People who lack assertiveness and responsiveness are called Analyticals.
- The analytical buyer distrusts salespeople because they lack precision.
- Analyticals like to analyse and compare things.
- They take their time and are wary of making quick decisions.
- They deal in facts and like things to be objective rather than subjective.
- They tend not to confident in social situations and hate small talk.
- They avoid risk taking and like things to be put in writing and in detail.
- They find salespeople to be intimidating especially if they feel under pressure.
- Their main tactic for getting rid of salespeople is to stop replying to their voice mails.
How to deal with the analytical buyer….
- Don’t push them into making quick decisions
- Take your time – slow down
- Take action rather than words to demonstrate helpfulness and willingness
- Stick to specifics – analyticals expect salespeople to exaggerate
- Their decisions are based on facts and logic and they avoid risk
- They can often be very co-operative, but established relationships take time
- Consider telling them what the product won’t do – they will respect you for it, and they will have spotted the deficiencies anyway
- Discuss reasons and ask `why?’ questions
Let’s look another buyer type:
The Amiable Buyer
The amiable buyer is highly responsive, but not very assertive.
- They are very friendly, good in social situations and prefer friendly relationships to conflict.
- Many salespeople are amiable in their nature.
- Amiable buyers lack assertiveness so will agree to appointments and meetings, but are they wasting your time?
- They tell you what the competition are up to, but what are they telling the competition about you?
- Look after your amiable customers.
- They are loyal and unlikely to move to a competitor because that involves a certain degree of conflict and they hate giving bad news.
- They are nice people to be around, but find difficulty saying no and in negotiations tend to give everything away.
How to deal with the amiable buyer…
- Be their friend
- Work, jointly, seek common ground
- Find out about personal interests and family
- Use personal assurance and specific guarantees and avoid options and probabilities
- Take time to be agreeable
- Focus discussions on `how’
- Demonstrate low risk solutions
Here’s another different type of buyer:
The Expressive Buyer
The expressive buyer is highly assertive and highly responsive.
- They are impulse buyers with low boredom thresholds and a short attention span.
- They love to buy concepts and will make quick, if not always good, decisions.
- They don’t want a lot of detail and will not read detailed proposals.
- They are not good listeners and like brainstorming sessions.
- They are confident and flamboyant, but not great when it comes to detailed thought and analysis.
- In negotiations they start off strong but get bored and will often make a concession just to get things over with.
- Expressive buyers generally tend to buy on the day.
- Get some sort of commitment from them while you can.
- Once you have gone they will be moving on to their next project and will have forgotten about you.
How to deal with expressive buyer…
- Look for the flip chart in their office
- Let them do the work. Ask open questions
- Seek opinions in an area you wish to develop to achieve mutual understanding
- Discussion should be people as well as fact oriented
- Keep summarising – work out specifics on points of agreement
- Try short, fast moving experience stories
- Close them down today, get some commitment
There’s a fourth type of buyer that we can learn to know:
The Driver is highly assertive, but not very responsive.
- This is the typical negotiator.
- Tough, uncompromising, doesn’t suffer fools gladly and determined to be in charge.
- Drivers want to be in control and can appear to be aggressive if you don’t give them what they want.
- They seem unfriendly at first and will impose time deadlines on meetings.
- The Driver doesn’t want to be your friend, so the typical salesperson will irritate the Driver, who will often bully the salesperson into submission.
- The Driver drives a hard bargain and wants to win.
How to deal with the drivers…
- Be assertive. Use eye contact. Stand up for yourself
- Plan to ask questions about and discuss specifics, actions and results
- Use facts and logic
- When necessary, disagree with facts rather than opinions
- Keep it business-like, efficient and to the point
- Personal guarantees and testimonials are least effective – better to
- provide options and facts
- Learn how to say no
How will we benefit from knowing and understanding these different buyer types?
Well, it will help us adapt to and negotiate with the person if we understand the type of buyer we are dealing with. Although it won’t always be easy to know which category a buyer falls under, knowing the main traits will assist us in developing our skillsets and working accordingly with their buyer type.
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